Tuesday, 17 December 2019

Solar Protection Formula for the whole family !

Moisturizing ingredients combined with Zinc Oxide for a Soothing Sunscreen - Paraben 

Friday, 6 December 2019

Body Polish

Down By The Sea Body Polish
Recipe & Photo by: Angie Soper
Anyone who's been to the ocean knows how wonderful your skin feels after a day in the sand and surf! The minerals and salt and sand naturally soften your skin! There's almost nothing like it! Until now! And it takes just a few minutes to make!
1/2 Cup Coconut Oil
1/4 Cup fine ground Sea Salt
1/4 Cup Epsom Salt
10 drops Essential Oil (optional)
To create this amazing scrub:
Measure coconut oil into a bowl. If it is a bit stiff, stir & mash until soft enough for mixing. Add both Sea Salt & Epsom Salts. Stir until blended. Add minerals and Essential oils (I used Lavender EO for relaxation before going to bed!)
Use as an all over body scrub 1-2 times weekly to moisturize and exfoliate your skin!
Why these ingredients?
Coconut oil: moisturizes and protects your skin
Sea Salt: exfoliates and draws out toxins
Epsom salt: exfoliates and adds important minerals that occur naturally in sea water
Essential oils: for scent and aromatherapy

Tuesday, 26 November 2019

Lavender essential oil

The essential oil of fragrant lavender has disinfectant properties and has long been used for cleaning purposes. Disinfect your home naturally with this homemade all-purpose cleaner.  


Thursday, 7 November 2019

Banishing and Preventing Blackheads

There’s nothing as unsightly on your face as a large blackhead – with the exception of a large whitehead. Both these blemishes result from clogged pores, but the blackhead occurs because the oil and dead skin cells are exposed to the air, forming the dark plug. A whitehead – the classic “zit” – is not open to the air, and the gunk is beneath the skin. While you’re tempted to pop either type to get rid of them, resist the temptation. 

That can cause infection and scarring. As with most issues in life, prevention is easier than the cure. Remember the first rule of skincare: Never go to bed with your makeup on. Blackhead Prevention -

 See more at: http://www.healthyskinportal.com/articles/banishing-preventing-blackheads/913/#sthash.QoaUhESR.dpuf

Banishing and Preventing Blackheads

Tuesday, 1 October 2019

Alternatives to hydroquinone

Most of the safe alternatives to hydroquinone impact the key enzyme, tyrosinase, that mediates two key steps in melanoge­nesis. See Key Steps in Melanin Biosynthesis.
Key ingredients. There are several ingredients that inhibit the tyrosinase enzyme, as well as compete with the enzyme’s substrate, L-3,4-dihydrox­yphenylalanine (L-DOPA). Botanical extracts, such as Ferula foetida (giant fennel), bearberry, licorice, Sophora angustifolia, kiwi fruit, nasturtium, rumex (yellow dock), Phyllanthus emblica fruit and mulberry contain bioflavonoid components similar in chemical structure to L-DOPA, the end product of Step 1, illustrated in Key Steps in Melanin Biosynthesis. The bioflavonoids compete with the substrate L-DOPA, thereby preventing Step 2, also illustrated in the diagram, from occurring.
Tyrosinase inhibitors. Tyrosinase inhibitors also exist, such as hydroxyc­innamic acid, gluconic acid, zinc glycinate, kojic acid, aspergillus ferment, rumex extract and ergothio­neine, that chelate or bind copper, a cofactor required in Step 2 of the diagram. Binding the copper inhibits this reaction from occurring and controls melanin formation.
Hydroxy acids. Although the use of hydroxy acids—lactic acid, glycolic acid and salicylic acid—in skin-brightening products has generally been utilized to accelerate desquamation and removal of melanin-containing corneocytes, it has recently been shown that a 5% concentration of lactic acid will inhibit the formation of the tyrosinase enzyme, thereby slowing the process of melanin synthesis. Other exfoliating agents used in brightening products include pumpkin enzyme, sutilains (a protease enzyme), lactobacillus ferment and galactoa­rabian, a molecule that stimulates natural desquamation in the skin.
Controlling inflammation. Controlling inflammation is another strategy for treating hyperpig­mentation. The use of anti-inflammatory agents, such as white tea, licorice and green tea, helps address the connection between inflammation and pigment formation. These extracts also may act as antioxidants, slowing many of the oxidation steps involved in melanin formation.
Melanin formation. Of particular interest are ingredients that impact melanin formation in multiple ways. An example is zinc glycinate, which stimulates synthesis of an antioxidant protein called metallot­hionein that binds the copper and reduces tyrosinase synthesis and activity; in addition, it suppresses melanocyte growth factors that stimulate melanin synthesis. Niacinamide has been shown to stop the transfer of melanosomes to neighboring keratino­cytes. Glucosamine and dithiooc­tanediol stop the activation of the tyrosinase enzyme, a step that involves glycosyl­ation, or the addition of a sugar molecule to the inactive proenzyme structure, converting it to the activated enzyme. Obviously, if the enzyme remains inactive, melanin formation ceases.
New studies indicate that melanin formation can also be controlled by affecting the signaling process involved in melanin biosynthesis. Sunscreens and anti-inflammatory agents work by turning off the messengers that signal melanin synthesis to commence. A brown seaweed called Ascophyllum nodosum has been shown to inhibit endothelin-1 (ET-1), a molecule synthesized and released from the keratinocytes after UV exposure. ET-1 stimulates the melanocyte and triggers tyrosinase activity. When the signal molecule ET-1 is inhibited, melanin formation is likewise inhibited. In a similar role, the use of Palmaria palmata, a red algae, has been shown to inhibit the release of stem cell factor (SCF), another signaling molecule released by keratinocytes upon exposure to UVB radiation; SCF activates the melanocyte to make melanin. Palmaria palmata inhibits the release of SCF and therefore inhibits melanocyte activation.
In the past decade, ascorbic acid (vitamin C) has been used to control melanin synthesis. Newer stabilized derivatives of vitamin C include magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP), ascorbyl glucoside and tetrahex­yldecyl ascorbate. These derivatives scavenge free radicals that cause erratic melanocyte activity, as well as act as antioxidants inhibiting oxidation steps along the biosynthetic pathway of melanin. They have also been shown to inhibit tyrosinase synthesis and activity.
Finally, the newest and perhaps most exciting agents to fight melanin formation are the peptides. Oligopeptide-34 is a state-of-the-art synthesized peptide that has been shown to decrease alpha-MSH activity and inhibit tyrosinase activity. Although the mechanism is not clearly understood, results indicate that it brightens skin, especially sun-induced hyperpig­mentation, in half the time when compared to other brightening complexes. The use of peptides, such as oligopeptide-34 to control pigmentation, may very well be the newest and most effective approach to treating hyperpig­mentation. And if safety studies are a good indicator, they are a lot safer for the end user.

The future

Dealing with issues of pigmentation will undoubtedly continue to be a focus in the skin care arena, and there is certainly no shortage of products designed to address these issues. But the most important question is: Which are effective and safe to use? Although hydroquinone continues to be the only authorized OTC whitening agent in the United States, there are numerous studies that question its safety, which accounts for its being banned in most countries throughout the world. Fortunately, the pressure remains on pharmace­utical houses, cosmetic companies and even raw material suppliers to find safe and legal alternatives to hydroquinone. This past decade has seen a myriad of new brightening agents, all promising to reduce hyperpig­mentation while enhancing skin luminosity and, although most have fallen short of hydroqui­none’s ability to whiten skin, new cocktails of brighteners are now available that are close in performance and a lot safer to use.
- See more at: http://www.skininc.com/skinscience/ingredients/41973632.html?utm_source=newsletter-html&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=SI+E-Newsletter+12-18-2015#sthash.om5TpxYF.dpuf

Wednesday, 25 September 2019

Top 5 Safe Cosmetics Tips

No one wants to learn that their trusted personal care products are made with hazardous chemicals. Thankfully, safer alternatives are available and there are steps you can take to reduce toxic exposures in your home and protect the health of your family.
1. Simplify
Choose products with simpler ingredient lists and fewer synthetic chemicals. Avoid synthetic fragrance by skipping products with “fragrance” on the label, and use fewer products overall.
2. DIY
Some personal care products are easy to make yourself, and this can be a great project for a party. Make your own sugar or salt scrubs or body oils, using simple, organic ingredients.
3. Research Products YourselfSince the beauty industry is largely unregulated, it’s up to you to do your own research to find the safest products. There are no legal standards for personal care products labeled as “pure,” “natural” or “organic,” so look beyond the marketing claims and read labels carefully.
4. Use apps like Think Dirty
To find out whether your go-to products are safe or not, try Think Dirty’s shop clean app. This easy-to-use resource ranks the safety of specific products on a scale of 1-10 and offers up cleaner solutions.
5. Get Involved
While it’s possible – and becoming easier – to reduce toxic exposures in your home by buying safer products, it’s not possible to shop our way out of this problem. Even if they’re not in your home, toxic chemicals from personal care products can still end up in our air and drinking water, and in the homes of people who don’t have access to safe products.
The solution: help us change the rules of the game! It shouldn’t be legal to sell cosmetics that contain dangerous ingredients. We’re working to pass new laws that protect our health and give consumers better information to make smart choices.
Stay informed, speak up and spread the word—all in our Take Action section.
- See more at: http://www.safecosmetics.org/get-the-facts/healthandscience/safe-cosmetics-tips/#sthash.vMOunlVA.dpuf

Monday, 9 September 2019

Cooling Anti-Itch Lotion

Relieve sunburn pain, soothe itching and fight inflammation with this recipe for a cooling anti-itch lotion

Made up of apple cider vinegar and baking soda, this anti-itch lotion goes on smoothly and is simple to make.
Photo courtesy Jessica Ress, Diane Harrison and Adams Media


Monday, 22 July 2019

The origin of hyperpig­mentation

In order to address hyperpig­mentation, it is important to understand pigment in the skin. Tyrosine, an amino acid found in the body, plays its role in the skin by helping to produce melanin. Melanin is predetermined by the genes and can range from dark to light, depending on the type and amount that is produced in the melanocytes. With trauma caused from external or internal stresses, such as UV rays and hormonal imbalances, the body naturally creates a protective defense by producing additional pigment that appears as uneven dark areas, known as hyperpig­mentation or melasma. This hyperpig­mentation is stimulated when an enzyme called tyrosinase signals the production of melanin, which happens in the skin’s melanocytes. Because there are typically between 1,000–2,000 melanocytes per square millimeter of skin, and comprising from 5–10% of the cells in the basal layer of the epidermis, you can understand how challenging it is to deal with this skin condition. When working with pigmentation—regardless of it being caused by external or internal trauma—the skin care professi­onal’s goal is always the same: to inhibit tyrosinase.
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A simple way to understand how pigmentation works is to think about how bananas change color from yellow to brown. If the tyrosine in a banana is responsible for the yellow color of the peel, tyrosinase is responsible for causing that peel to oxidize and turn brown. In turn, if tyrosine is responsible for skin pigmentation, tyrosinase is responsible for hyperpig­mentation.
- See more at: http://www.skininc.com/skinscience/ingredients/Lighten-UpThe-Natural-Way-261314861.html?utm_source=newsletter-html&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=SI+E-Newsletter+01-05-2017&absrc=rdm#sthash.0AXIM6F0.dpuf